Boxelder Bug

Category:

Actual Size: ½”

Characteristics: Flat and oval; black with reddish-orange markings on back.

Legs: 6

Antennae: Yes

Wings: Yes

Habitat: Drawn to areas in full sun, often on the sides of buildings.

Habits:

  • When crushed, they emit an offensive odor.
  • Wings lay flat over their bodies, overlapping each other to form an ‘X’.
  • Congregate in the fall on the south side of trees, homes and structures.

Boxelder Bugs in Puerto Rico

Boxelder bugs are true bugs and named for their prime host, the boxelder tree, which is cultivated throughout the nation, including here in Puerto Rico. Boxelder bugs usually feed on the leaves, flowers, and seed pods of the box elder tree, although they occasionally occur on maple and ash trees. These bugs often become nuisances in the fall as they congregate in search of an overwintering site. Like many other pests, boxelder bugs will often be seen either when they enter a home to overwinter, or when they emerge as spring rolls around.

Boxelder Bug Habitat

In the fall, adult boxelder bugs assemble on the south sides of trees, rocks, and buildings to warm themselves in the sun. After large masses of bugs accumulate, they tend to fly to nearby buildings or other protected sites where they hibernate for the winter. They will enter homes and buildings and hibernate within the walls of the structure. Boxelder bugs do not reproduce inside homes, but enter through windows, doors, ceiling lights, soffit and dryer vents, outdoor faucets, and along siding.

Boxelder Bug Behaviors, Threats or Dangers

Boxelder bugs  are generally not known to bite, though there are rare reports of defensive biting. These bugs do not sting and are not known to cause damage to homes, however, their feces can stain light colored surfaces. During the winter months, individuals or small parties of boxelder bugs enter homes and fly into windows, bathtubs and sinks, congregating on the floor adjacent to their overwintering harborage. Boxelder bugs can be annoying and may spot curtains, furnishings, and clothing with their excrement.  When crushed, they give off an offensive odor. If trapped in basements or houses, they will eventually die.

If you have a boxelder bug infestation, always call your local exterminators for assistance.