Drywood Termite

Category:

Actual Size: ¼-⅜”

Characteristics: Size and coloration vary within the species. Termites can generally be identified (in comparison to ants) by their equal-sized, drooping wings.

Legs: 6

Antennae: Yes

Wings: Reproductives/swarmers have wings.

Habitat: Prefers warm, humid environments. Targets dry wood above ground.

Habits:

  • Drywood termites live within wood, and have adapted to live with very little water.
  • Not as common as the subterranean termite.
  • Drywood termites have saw-like jaws.

Drywood Termites in Puerto Rico

Drywood termites are not as destructive as subterranean termites in the nation, but can still do substantial damage. Their colonies are typically found in dry wood, and evidence of an infestation usually includes discarded wings, feces, or frass (piles of sawdust created from their feeding). Like all termites, drywood termites feed on cellulose, which is found in wood. The main difference with this species is that they do not go for soft, moist wood like most termites do. Instead, they eat across the grain of wood, which can be very dangerous and damaging to structures.

Like most termites, drywood termites can be organized in a caste system containing reproductive and worker/soldier castes.Swarms are often seen, indicating an infestation.

Drywood Termite Habitat

Drywood termites are most common in warmer, tropical climates where winters are mild. These termites do not need moist soil or water to survive unlike other termites. For that reason, they typically target wood that is above-ground, meaning infestations are often in higher levels of structures. They often enter homes through exposed wood or infested wooden furniture brought indoors.

Drywood Termite Behaviors, Threats or Dangers

These termites do not pose a health risk to humans, nor do they bite. The main danger with drywood termites is the damage they can cause. Their wood-destroying habits can often go on for some time before being discovered. Because of their ability to stay hidden, their many swarmers and workers, and their saw-like jaws, drywood termites can cause incredible amounts of damage to a home. To prevent or control a drywood termite infestation, it’s important to enlist the help of a professional termite exterminator.